The defeat of New Brunswick’s Gallant government seems inevitable, but there is still a formal process before it’s really over.
Here’s what is happening and what is expected to happen Friday.
At 9 a.m. AT, Premier Brian Gallant began a speech in the legislature to close the debate on the throne speech delivered by Lt.-Gov. Jocelyne Roy Vienneau on Oct. 23.
Gallant’s voice cracked with emotion several times as he took responsibility for not doing more to unite New Brunswick during his term as premier, especially on the issue of language.
“I should have spoken more about bilingualism, I should have talked more about its benefits to the economy and to our social fabric,” he said.
Gallant, who won a majority government in 2014, said he became “too jaded” during his time in office.
But he said he would not compromise on his values in order to stay in power now that he is in a minority situation.
He said he wouldn’t infringe on any New Brunswicker’s rights, “even if it costs me the premiership.”
The debate over the last two weeks has been on a motion introduced by the Liberals to have the legislature endorse a reply to the lieutenant-governor.
If passed, it would essentially tell her that MLAs agree with the throne speech and want the government to implement it.
After Gallant’s speech — likely his last to the legislature as premier — MLAs vote on the motion.
Up until that point, this is routine. It generally happens on the second Friday after every throne speech and, generally, the motion passes.
Not a routine session
But this session is not routine.
Gallant’s Liberals won only 21 seats in September’s election, four short of the majority needed to pass the motion. So they’ve spent the weeks since the election trying to find a way to get the math to work in their favour.
On Thursday, they ran out of options.
The three Green MLAs said they would vote for the Liberal motion, but the three People’s Alliance MLAs said they would vote against it.
Combined with 22 Progressive Conservative votes, the PC-Alliance total of 25 is enough to defeat the motion.
But it will take three votes to actually get there.
On Oct. 25, PC Leader Blaine Higgs moved an amendment to the Liberal motion. The amendment says the legislature has no confidence in the government.
That’s the standard mechanism to defeat a government in a throne speech debate: it was used in British Columbia last year by the NDP, supported by the Greens, to oust Christy Clark’s Liberal government.
On Tuesday, however, the Liberals introduced a sub-amendment to change Higgs’s amendment, deleting its no-confidence phrasing and replacing it with a long list of new Liberal promises aimed at enticing other parties to support it.
So this is how the votes will be ordered today:
- MLAs will vote on the Liberal sub-amendment and it appears likely they’ll defeat it.
- They’ll vote on the Higgs amendment. Based on the Alliance announcement on Thursday, it will pass — and the main Liberal motion will be amended to express no confidence in the government.
- They’ll vote on the amended motion. If that motion passes, the government would officially be defeated.
A visit (or 2) to Government House
Should that happen, the focus would shift from the legislature to Government House, the residence of the lieutenant-governor.
Gallant would go there to officially tell her the government has lost the confidence of the house.
The premier could ask Roy Vienneau to call a new election. That’s what Clark did in British Columbia last year when she visited her lieutenant-governor after losing a throne speech vote.
No new election
Gallant already knows the answer he’d get: On Oct. 17, Vienneau’s principal secretary, Tim Richardson, said she had told all party leaders that “another provincial election is not in the best interest of New Brunswickers.”
Gallant also said Thursday that seeking another election would go against the message voters delivered on Sept. 24.
“If we were to rebuke that as 49 MLAs, I think New Brunswickers would be very disappointed,” he said. “So we would resign.”
Higgs wants fast transition
Once Gallant resigns, the lieutenant-governor would ask Higgs to come to Government House. Higgs said on Thursday he expects that he would meet her in mid-afternoon.
She would ask him if he can form a government, and he’d undoubtedly say yes.
At that point, it would be left to Higgs and Gallant to meet and agree on a date for a transition — the day a PC cabinet would be sworn into office.
Higgs said last month he would want to reduce the normal two-week transition period to about a week. “Our goal would be to minimize that timeline.”
Gallant said Thursday he would not try to slow that down.
“I would do everything I could to help with the smooth transition for the Higgs government, if that’s what happens,” he said.
Read more on New Brunswick’s political situation
On mobile? Follow the live blog here